Skin is the largest organ that covers the whole body. The skin protects us from injury, heat, infection, and light.it regulates the temperature of the body, vitamin D, fat and stores water. Nerves in the skin help us to feel the senses, like pain, textures, and temperature. The skin is made up of two layers epidermis and dermis. This is made up of flat and scale-like cells called Squamous Cells. The epidermis contains melanocytes, these cells release melanin which helps to give color to the skin. The dermis consists of the blood, lymph vessels, sweat glands, hair follicles, this helps to regulate the body temperature.
Factors that can harm our skin:
- Genetics and biological skin aging:
Sun is the external factor that causes premature aging of the skin. The external factor that causes skin aging is like if the person is suffering from diabetes and kidney disorders, Atopic Dermatitis Psoriasis and Ichthyosis make the skin weaker and sensitive.
Hormonal changes are one of the major factors that affect the skin. After Puberty, during pregnancy. This affects the moisture balance of the skin and the structural changes related to the age of the skin.
- Sun rays:
This is the most important factor that is harmful to the skin Continuous sun exposure can cause wrinkles, age spots, many skin problems, and even increases the risk of causing skin cancer. UVB and HEV light is responsible for skin problems. These rays increase the hyperpigmentation which causes age spots and Melasma.
Temperature is also the main factor that affects the skin. Extreme temperatures impact more on the skin, as the temperature is very low the skin immediately protects the body from losing more heat so it narrows the blood vessels and even sebaceous glands reduce its secretion which leads the skin to become dry. If the temperature is too high then the body releases more sweat and keeps the skin moist and shiny this may lead to cause acne.
- Inappropriate chemicals and skincare:
Using the products that are acidic in nature can cause harm to the skin. Chemical peels, moisturizing products, aggressive cleansers, and some chemical products make the skin hypersensitive.
- Frequent washing:
Frequent showering and bathing with hot water make the skin to lose its natural moistures and surface lipids. Skin dries and becomes rough.
Consuming a particular food group with high nutritional value is good for healthy skin.
Fruits, vegetables, whole grains and proteins (fish). Anti-oxidants foods like yellow and orange fruits and vegetables, blueberries, green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, peas, beans, and lentils, etc. these help the skin to be healthy.
Using some medicines for treating cardiovascular conditions, radiotherapy and dialysis makes the skin more sensitive and leads to dryness.
Stress can make the skin look older and more sensitive and may lead to acne.
Sleeping well can regenerate the cells
Tobacco is the major cause of skin damage. It makes the skin to look older and creates the wrinkled skin.
Simple steps for protecting skin:
- We should start to protect our skin from teenage. We should maintain healthy habits.
- You need to take the help of a skincare professional for the best skin care treatment.
- Use sunscreen for your skin to protect from the UV rays it’s better to use SPF 15 before going into the skin.
- Avoid sun rays from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
- It’s better to wear fully covered clothes to protect our skin from dust and ultraviolet rays.
- Hot water and long showers remove oils from the skin, which may lead to dryness
- Avoid strong soaps, which can strip your oily skin to leads to dryness.
- Pat dry: after bathing does not rub your body with the towel.
- Add moisturizing lotion to your body that fits your skin.
- Eating healthy food makes you look and feel good. Eating the food that is rich in carbohydrates helps to look younger.
- We have to manage our stress. Or else there will be a trigger for acne breakouts and other skins provide.
Best food for healthy skin:
Foods that are rich in nutrition are good for health. This eating habit increases the metabolism and functioning of organs properly. There are some foods that should be consumed for maintaining our health.
Fatty foods like Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for skin health. The foods that are rich in fatty acids are Salmon, Mackerel and Herring. Consuming these foods reduces inflammations like redness and acne and makes less sensitive skin from harmful UV rays. They are rich in vitamin E.
These are very rich in healthy fats, which are more essential for the functioning of our body and the health of your skin. This protects from skin wrinkles, environment and aging caused by UV rays. It acts as an anti-oxidant, and it is rich in vitamin E and vitamin C.
This is an excellent food for skin health, which is rich in fatty acids that our body cannot make. These are rich in Omega-6, Omega-3, zinc, vitamin E, vitamin C, Protein and selenium. This helps us by protecting us from inflammation caused by Psoriasis and heals the wound and combatting bacteria.
Skin boosting nutrients are present in nuts and seeds. This acts as an antioxidant for the skin which is rich in nutrients and vitamin C.
The nutrient Beta-Carotene is present in this plant, which is rich in provitamin A that is essential for our body. Foods like oranges, carrots, and spinach and sweets potatoes are rich in Beta- Carotene and vitamin A.
Red or yellow Bell peppers:
Bell peppers are also rich in beta-carotene, rich in vitamin C, vitamin C, and protein. These help to create collagen which makes the skin firm and strong.
This is rich in vitamins and minerals including vitamin A, vitamin C, and Zinc. Lutein is present in this which protects the skin from becoming dry and wrinkled. Broccoli has anti-cancer effects and some types of skin cancer.
Tomatoes contain vitamin C and lycopene. This protects the skin from wrinkling and from the damage of the skin by sun rays. There are some foods that are rich in Carotenoid are tomatoes, cheese, and Olive oil.
Chocolate is made of cocoa which acts as an antioxidant that protects the skin from sun damage and burns. It also helps the skin in thickness, bold flow, texture and in anti-wrinkling.
Catechins are the compounds that are found in green tea, which help the skin in many ways like damaging, sun damaging, and aging. It also helps in the improvement of skin hydration, thickness, and elasticity.
Precautions for healthy skin:
- Make sure that you apply sunscreen with SPF at least 15 that protects the skin from UVA and UVB. Make sure that the product is NonComedogenic and Nonacnegenic so that the products will not block the pores.
- Make sure that you remove makeup before going to sleep. It’s better to apply olive oil on cotton pads that help to remove makeup and dirt from the skin.
- Eat fresh fruits, greens, foods that are rich in proteins, minerals and vitamins, food that has low in sugar and fats which helps the skin to be radiant.
- Regular exercise like running, yoga and jogging help to improve blood circulation and cleanses the entire body. Which helps the skin to glow.
- Sleep for at least 8 hours is good for healthy skin.
- Apply honey on the face for natural soothing and to heal the skin.
- Drinking a lot of water helps the skin to hydrate. At least 8 glasses are day are recommended and eating fruits and vegetables that are rich in water content like watermelon, cucumber, orange, strawberry, and grape.
- To avoid acne, wash the face with warm water three times a day, massage the skin in circular motions. See that the cleansers contain alpha hydroxyl acid or beta hydroxy acid. Apply face packs like Multani mitti that really works well on the face.
- Using Ayurveda scrub to nourish the skin. It helps the skin to nourish and breathe well.
- We need to manage the stress by breathing exercise, yoga, and meditation.
- Daily meditation helps the skin to be radiate more.
- Once in a week try to exfoliate the skin to remove the dead skin layers. For this use walnut powder and yogurt, which helps to remove the dead skin.
- Use rose water that helps to reduce eye puffing in the morning.
- Do not eat spicy and fermented foods, citrus fruits, salt, and fried foods.
- Do not apply skincare before and after exercise.
- Do not forget to wash your skin before going to bed with a mild cleanser.
- Do not pop the pimples, which may lead to more swelling, redness and may leave a scar.
- Do not try different serums that are available in the market better select on from that and try using all the products that will cause inflammation.
- Use the face masks that are made with homemade ingredients and even some times harmful. Those should be used with caution.
- Avoid drinking coffee, especially in summer, which causes more dehydration for the skin.
- Do not touch your face more, which may cause a blemish.