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2019 Best Science Stories

2019 Best Science Stories

The world has the need to fight global heating. People started listening to climate scientists on the issue of global heating. In the last year, the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) submitted the special reports of limiting warming to 1.5C. There is a need to divide the global CO2 emissions within 12 months, and aims to reach zero around 2050. In the meanwhile, the United Nations summits making little efforts to reduce the emissions from increasing. If it continues like this, it will be hard to stop the emissions from rising.

It indirectly affects young people who are looking forward to their future and anticipating how their world looks like. Greta Thunberg started a global movement with the help of school kids, and their demand for government is to fulfill the needs of the science and act on it immediately. Some Nations already started working on their own emissions and the UK already aiming for net-zero emissions by the year 2050. But, it is not possible to stop the public as they are unable to wait till then. People want the government to take urgent action on the climate, and the cops have arrested the people and these incidents keep highlighting the issue in the news.

What will happen if we don’t take the necessary steps fastly? Already, there is a lot of damage has done with glaciers melting worldwide, Greenland losing the ice fastly, and fires happening at the extreme levels. Rainfall is increasing due to the drought in some places and climatic conditions also changing rapidly. We can still avoid these problems up to some extent, but it will be difficult to eradicate the problem if we keep heating the planet.

Right Now, the hot topic is at the north pole, a ship is frozen into the arctic sea. The RV Polar stern is revolving on the place in the dark, with no guarantee of sunlight. This region of the earth is considered an inaccessible spot around the globe. No one knows exactly what happens here during the polar night, because there are chances of temperatures might drop to -30C. Climatic scientists need to understand this condition here more.

There are approximately six hundred scientists working on this project and funded by the various research institutes around the world. The main objective of this project is to understand the north pole and our climate, whatever they find and it will affect the whole world.

Picture of a Black Hole will have an enormous effect

The Event Horizon Telescope captured a stunning image of a black hole and it is simply an audacious effort by their team. The black hole is located in the middle of the Messier 87 galaxy, 54m light-years away.

Astounding features of the first picture of a black hole is boundless. With the help of Einstein, the theory of general relativity covered this topic 100 years ago and it also published. It is completely beyond our imagination and Einstein predicted the black hole existence long years ago.

Ultimately, this picture of a black hole will give valuable input to scientists around the globe and works towards a common goal. It will be a never-ending process though and continue our exploration of the amazing universe.

Finally Won the Battle against Ebola

2019 is a year where our scientists did a fantastic job of eradicating the disease of Ebola. The sudden occurrence of Ebola in the year 2014 has killed almost 12,000 people and send a dangerous signal to the other countries as well. It happened due to the negligence in the department of research and development for infectious diseases.

Through their numerous efforts, scientists invented the Ebola Vaccine to prevent the disease from occurring and it worked well. Now, we have a licensed Ebola Vaccine, and there are a lot of drugs that are in the list to be approved by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Vaccines and drugs have a lot of role in epidemic prevention, but it is important for us to address the primary causes of these diseases and try to eradicate the diseases at the beginning phase only.

Did you know your European ancestors?

If you remember that time when you were an energetic young guy, you always curious to know about your family tree and also focusing on human evolution. Nowadays, we are lacking trust in relationships and don’t have time to deal with our own problems. Many of the members of our family are not in our own DNA.

People remain an African species and also homo sapiens also existed in this world and are situated in multiple places in Africa.

What do you need to know about Gene Editing?

It was announced in the year 2018 in the month of November by the Chinese Scientist He JianKui that his two children were edited genetically from the embryos by using the genome editing. People consider this attempt as bad and cruel. This genome editing may cause HIV, the virus which causes aids at the later stage of your life.

The work made by scientists in order to avoid the possibility of getting viruses like HIV stimulating the debate worldwide. It is vital for the WHO appointed a committee to make the decision quickly regarding the methods of genome editing.

While they are forming the committee, this genome editing and the application is moving fastly. David Liu and his colleagues published a novel and ingenious method of prime editing, which can make clear and little alterations in DNA, without causing further problems which are happened in the previous methods used by the He JianKui. Eighty-Five percent of the disease-causing mutations in people, clarified by the prime editing, and it shows a significant improvement in genome editing. With the help of genome editing, scientists developed the plants mingle accordingly to climate change. And also, it has been observed that scientists run a number of clinical trials and found various methods to treat the problems relating to genetic diseases, including Thalassemia, Tay-Sachs disease, and Cystic Fibrosis.

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Work on batteries for the future was rightly honored

A battery which consists of lithium-ion which brought the new revolution in portable electronics, and, right now you are in front of a computer or holding a mobile phone in your hand or you came to know about this article through mobile phone, laptop, or computer. In 2019, three originators were awarded the Nobel prize in Chemistry and they are the inventors of the lithium-ion battery, John Goodenough from the University of Texas at Austin, Stan Whittingham from Binghamton University, New York, and Akira Yoshino from Japan’s Meijo University.

There are enough reasons to publish this news. John Goodenough is 97 years old and he is also the oldest person to receive the Nobel Prize. In order to change the way we live and work, you need to consider the fact that in order to develop green technologies, we should take the help of new materials. Encourage the development for better batteries which is going to use in electric vehicles and for storing energy from wind and solar.

Do you know rats play hide-and-seek for fun?

Kids and Children enjoy a lot while playing hide-and-seek game and it is also one of my favorite childhood memories, and I still know the good hiding places. Scientists run a clinical trial on how rats can play hide and seek with humans and the main intention of this research is to how rats can learn to play this game. The experimenter started playing the game with the rats and all the rats look for the secret places to hide from her but only one rat managed to hide from her.

It has been observed in the research that rats showed interest in playing the game, and all rats enjoyed the game thoroughly and they tried to jump when they found the experimenter who is playing the game with them. They played the game brilliantly like choosing the places perfectly to hide from the experimenter, opting for opaque boxes rather than hiding in open boxes, and staying calm until someone disturbs them or found them. There are a lot of funny incidents happened during the experiment like rats tried to tease the experimenter when she finally found them and tried to run away from her and hid again.

Israeli Vigorous attempt to land a small robotic vehicle on the moon

This heroic project was named as the Beresheet, and this project was assisted by the private and philanthropic funding. The Israeli efforts to reach the moon and place a small robotic vehicle on it may be failed but the people from all around the world appreciate these efforts done by the Israeli. This project has created a lot of hype among the young people and also showed what can be achieved with the help of the hi-tech ingenuity.

Beresheet was launched in the month of February and was planned to soft-land on 10 April. But a gyroscope failed to function normally, the retro-jets didn’t start at the right time, and all this together resulted in a crash-landing. Nations should take this as an example and plan to launch similar projects like Beresheet. There are many sources available to collect the data regarding the moon and earth. Some of the nations are already tried to go deeper into space by using their advanced technologies in the field and developing many things for future generations. This mission has opened the door for big projects.

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